Enrofloxacin pharmacokinetics in the European cuttlefish, Sepia officinalis, after a single i.v. injection and bath administration من كتب طب بيطرى
Enrofloxacin pharmacokinetics in the European cuttlefish,
after a single i.v. injection and bath administration
S. R. GORE*
C. A. HARMS*
G. A. LEWBART* &
M. G. PAPICH*
College of Veterinary Medicine,
North Carolina State University,
National Research Center for Cephalopods,
University of Texas Medical Branch,
Marine Biomedical Institute, Galveston, TX,
Gore, S. R., Harms, C. A., KuKanich, B., Forsythe, J., Lewbart, G. A., Papich, M.
G. Enrofloxacin pharmacokinetics in the European cuttlefish,
after a single i.v. injection and bath administration.
J. vet. Pharmacol. Therap.
Enrofloxacin pharmacokinetics were studied in European cuttlefish,
, after a single 5 mg/kg i.v. injection or a 2.5 mg/L 5 h bath. A pilot
study with two animals was also performed following a 10 mg/kg p.o.
administration. The concentration of enrofloxacin in hemolymph was assayed
using high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and pharmacokinetic
parameters were derived from compartmental methods. In the i.v. study, the
terminal half-life (
), apparent volume of distribution, and systemic clearance
were respectively 1.81 h, 385 mL/kg, and 4.71 mL/min/kg. Following bath
, peak hemolymph concentration (
), and area under
the curve to infinity (
) were 1.01 h, 0.5 ± 0.12
g/mL, and 0.98
mL, respectively. After oral administration, the
1.01 h, 10.95
h/mL, respectively. The active metabolite of
enrofloxacin, ciprofloxacin, was not detected in any samples tested. The
hemolymph concentration was still above minimum inhibitory concentration
) values for shrimp and fish bacterial isolates at 6 h after i.v. administra-
tion, therefore, a dose of 5 mg/kg i.v. every 8–12 h is suggested for additional
studies of efficacy. The
value for the water bath was lower than for the i.v.
study, but a bath of 2.5 mg/L for 5 h once to twice daily is suggested for
additional studies to test efficacy against highly susceptible organisms.
Although only two animals were used for the oral study, a dose of 10 mg/kg
produced hemolymph concentrations of enrofloxacin that were in a range
consistent with therapeutic efficacy in other species.
(Paper received 24 November 2004; accepted for publication 15 July 2005)
Dr Mark G. Papich, Department of Molecular Biomedical Sciences, College of
Veterinary Medicine, North Carolina State University, 4700 Hillsborough Street,
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