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كتاب Wheeler's Dental Anatomy, Physiology and Occlusion

Wheeler's Dental Anatomy, Physiology and Occlusion Stanley J. Nelson, DDS, MS Professor School of Dental Medicine University of Nevada Las Vegas, Nevada Major M. Ash, Jr. , BS, DDS, MS, MD hc* Marcus L. Ward Professor and Research Scientist, Emeritus The University of Michigan Ann Arbor, Michigan *Deceased Preface The section on Forensic Odontology has been expanded and updated to reflect growth and interest in this emerging science. As in the previous edition, the summary charts found in the appendix provide a useful tool for examination preparation. This information has been expanded to include NEW! flash cards, located at the back of the book, and is intended to be used as a quick study guide when a precious few moments become available in a student’s busy schedule. The ninth edition of Wheeler’s Dental Anatomy, Physiology, and Occlusion celebrates the life and many accomplishments of one of the finest dental educators that I have known, Professor Doctor Major McKinley Ash. Although Dr. Ash was not able to see this newest printing, his contributions to this ninth edition as well as to editions six through eight will continue to improve dental education and practice for many years to come. I have been one of his many students for the entirety of my career and I greatly miss his advice. In his memory, I will attempt to pick up the baton and continue the fine tradition of the Wheeler text. The continuity of subject matter and the basic information found in the previous editions have been retained to reflect the many years that this book has served as a resource in the field of dental anatomy; however, this ninth edition contains some exciting new features. Of particular note is the colorization of several black and white illustrations and photos. Often, the original photograph remains for a sense of history but is combined with a color-enhanced view of the tooth being studied and a simplified line drawing of the view to highlight the primary characteristics of tooth contour and the primary anatomical features. 1 Introduction to Dental Anatomy, 1 Formation of the Dentitions (Overview), 1 Nomenclature, 2 Formulae for Mammalian Teeth, 2 Tooth Numbering Systems, 2 Division into Thirds, Line Angles, and Point Angles, 9 Tooth Drawing and Carving, 10 Measurement of Teeth, 11 Summary, 11 2 Development and Eruption of the Teeth, 21 Clinical Considerations, 21 Variability, 22 Malformations, 22 Chronology of Primary Dentition, 23 Development and Eruption/Emergence of the Teeth, 23 The Dentitions, 26 Neuromuscular Development, 27 Transitional (Mixed) Dentition Period, 28 Loss of Primary Teeth, 29 Permanent Dentition, 30 Size of Teeth, 31 Dental Pulp, 31 Cementoenamel Junction, 32 Dental Age, 33 Tooth Formation Standards, 35 Chronologies of Human Dentition, 35 Types of Chronologies, 35 Stages of Tooth Formation, 35 Age of Attainment, 35 Age Prediction, 37 Maturity Assessment, 37 Duration of Root and Crown Formation, 40 Summary of Chronologies, 41 Sequence of Eruption, 41 Estimating Time of Enamel Hypoplasia, 41 3 The Primary (Deciduous) Teeth, 45 Life Cycle, 45 Importance of Primary Teeth, 45 Nomenclature, 45 Major Contrasts between Primary and Permanent Teeth, 47 Pulp Chambers and Pulp Canals, 48 Detailed Description of Each Primary Tooth, 50 4 Forensics, Comparative Anatomy, Geometries, and Form and Function, 67 Forensic Dentistry, 67 Comparative Dental Anatomy, 69 Facial and Lingual Aspects of All Teeth, 73 Summary of Schematic Outlines, 75 Form and Function of the Permanent Dentition, 75 Alignment, Contacts, and Occlusion, 76 5 Orofacial Complex: Form and Function, 81 Form and Function, 81 Form Follows Function, 81 Articulation of Teeth, 81 Physiological Form of the Teeth and Periodontium, 82 Fundamental Curvatures, 82 Proximal Contact Areas, 82 Interproximal Spaces (Formed by Proximal Surfaces in Contact), 84 Embrasures (Spillways), 86 Contact Areas and Incisal and Occlusal Embrasures from the Labial and Buccal Aspect, 88 Contact Areas and Labial, Buccal, and Lingual Embrasures from the Incisal and Occlusal Aspects, 89 Facial and Lingual Contours at the Cervical Thirds (Cervical Ridges) and Lingual Contours at the Middle Thirds of Crowns, 91 The Height of Epithelial Attachment: Curvatures of the Cervical Lines (Cementoenamel Junction [CEJ]) Mesially and Distally, 94 Contents Now in full color, this essential text features a visually oriented presentation of dental anatomy, physiology, and occlusion ― the foundation for all of the dental sciences. Coverage includes discussions of clinical considerations, dentitions, pulp formation, and the sequence of eruptions. In addition to detailed content on dental macromorphology and evidence-based chronologies of the human dentitions, this edition also includes flash cards, an updated Companion CD-ROM, and Evolve resources that make this text a comprehensive resource for dental anatomy. Understand the standards of tooth formation and apply them to clinical presentations with the Development and Eruption of the Teeth chapter. Focus on the functions and esthetics of disorders you’ll encounter in daily practice with content on TMJ and muscle disorders. Get a concise review of dentition development from in-utero to adolescence to adulthood with the appendix of tooth morphology. All line drawings and essential photos have been replaced with full-color pieces. Sharpen your knowledge with interactive learning tools and expanded content on the Companion CD-ROM including study questions, 360-degree rotational tooth viewing, and animations. Test your knowledge on labeling, tooth numbering, and tooth type traits and prepare for Board exams with flash cards. Find even more study opportunities on the Evolve website with a PowerPoint presentation, flash cards, a test bank, and labeling exercises.
-
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وصف الكتاب : Wheeler's Dental Anatomy, Physiology and Occlusion

Stanley J. Nelson, DDS, MS
Professor
School of Dental Medicine
University of Nevada
Las Vegas, Nevada
Major M. Ash, Jr. , BS, DDS, MS, MD hc*
Marcus L. Ward Professor and Research Scientist, Emeritus
The University of Michigan
Ann Arbor, Michigan
*Deceased

Preface
The section on Forensic Odontology has been expanded
and updated to reflect growth and interest in this emerging
science. As in the previous edition, the summary charts
found in the appendix provide a useful tool for examination
preparation. This information has been expanded to include
NEW! flash cards, located at the back of the book, and is
intended to be used as a quick study guide when a precious
few moments become available in a student’s busy
schedule.
The ninth edition of Wheeler’s Dental Anatomy, Physiology,
and Occlusion celebrates the life and many accomplishments
of one of the finest dental educators that I have known,
Professor Doctor Major McKinley Ash. Although Dr. Ash
was not able to see this newest printing, his contributions
to this ninth edition as well as to editions six through eight
will continue to improve dental education and practice for
many years to come. I have been one of his many students
for the entirety of my career and I greatly miss his advice.
In his memory, I will attempt to pick up the baton and
continue the fine tradition of the Wheeler text.
The continuity of subject matter and the basic information
found in the previous editions have been retained to
reflect the many years that this book has served as a resource
in the field of dental anatomy; however, this ninth edition
contains some exciting new features. Of particular note is
the colorization of several black and white illustrations and
photos. Often, the original photograph remains for a sense
of history but is combined with a color-enhanced view of
the tooth being studied and a simplified line drawing of the
view to highlight the primary characteristics of tooth contour
and the primary anatomical features.

1 Introduction to Dental Anatomy, 1
Formation of the Dentitions (Overview), 1
Nomenclature, 2
Formulae for Mammalian Teeth, 2
Tooth Numbering Systems, 2
Division into Thirds, Line Angles, and Point Angles, 9
Tooth Drawing and Carving, 10
Measurement of Teeth, 11
Summary, 11
2 Development and Eruption of
the Teeth, 21
Clinical Considerations, 21
Variability, 22
Malformations, 22
Chronology of Primary Dentition, 23
Development and Eruption/Emergence of the Teeth, 23
The Dentitions, 26
Neuromuscular Development, 27
Transitional (Mixed) Dentition Period, 28
Loss of Primary Teeth, 29
Permanent Dentition, 30
Size of Teeth, 31
Dental Pulp, 31
Cementoenamel Junction, 32
Dental Age, 33
Tooth Formation Standards, 35
Chronologies of Human Dentition, 35
Types of Chronologies, 35
Stages of Tooth Formation, 35
Age of Attainment, 35
Age Prediction, 37
Maturity Assessment, 37
Duration of Root and Crown Formation, 40
Summary of Chronologies, 41
Sequence of Eruption, 41
Estimating Time of Enamel Hypoplasia, 41
3 The Primary (Deciduous) Teeth, 45
Life Cycle, 45
Importance of Primary Teeth, 45
Nomenclature, 45
Major Contrasts between Primary and Permanent
Teeth, 47
Pulp Chambers and Pulp Canals, 48
Detailed Description of Each Primary Tooth, 50
4 Forensics, Comparative Anatomy,
Geometries, and Form and Function, 67
Forensic Dentistry, 67
Comparative Dental Anatomy, 69
Facial and Lingual Aspects of All Teeth, 73
Summary of Schematic Outlines, 75
Form and Function of the Permanent Dentition, 75
Alignment, Contacts, and Occlusion, 76
5 Orofacial Complex: Form and
Function, 81
Form and Function, 81
Form Follows Function, 81
Articulation of Teeth, 81
Physiological Form of the Teeth and Periodontium, 82
Fundamental Curvatures, 82
Proximal Contact Areas, 82
Interproximal Spaces (Formed by Proximal Surfaces in
Contact), 84
Embrasures (Spillways), 86
Contact Areas and Incisal and Occlusal Embrasures from
the Labial and Buccal Aspect, 88
Contact Areas and Labial, Buccal, and Lingual Embrasures
from the Incisal and Occlusal Aspects, 89
Facial and Lingual Contours at the Cervical Thirds
(Cervical Ridges) and Lingual Contours at the Middle
Thirds of Crowns, 91
The Height of Epithelial Attachment: Curvatures of
the Cervical Lines (Cementoenamel Junction [CEJ])
Mesially and Distally, 94
Contents


Now in full color, this essential text features a visually oriented presentation of dental anatomy, physiology, and occlusion ― the foundation for all of the dental sciences. Coverage includes discussions of clinical considerations, dentitions, pulp formation, and the sequence of eruptions. In addition to detailed content on dental macromorphology and evidence-based chronologies of the human dentitions, this edition also includes flash cards, an updated Companion CD-ROM, and Evolve resources that make this text a comprehensive resource for dental anatomy.
Understand the standards of tooth formation and apply them to clinical presentations with the Development and Eruption of the Teeth chapter.
Focus on the functions and esthetics of disorders you’ll encounter in daily practice with content on TMJ and muscle disorders.
Get a concise review of dentition development from in-utero to adolescence to adulthood with the appendix of tooth morphology.
All line drawings and essential photos have been replaced with full-color pieces.
Sharpen your knowledge with interactive learning tools and expanded content on the Companion CD-ROM including study questions, 360-degree rotational tooth viewing, and animations.
Test your knowledge on labeling, tooth numbering, and tooth type traits and prepare for Board exams with flash cards.
Find even more study opportunities on the Evolve website with a PowerPoint presentation, flash cards, a test bank, and labeling exercises.

سنة النشر : 2002م / 1423هـ .
عدد مرات التحميل : 16088 مرّة / مرات.
تم اضافته في : الأربعاء , 7 فبراير 2018م.
حجم الكتاب عند التحميل : 28.3 ميجا بايت .

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التعويضات السنية Prosthodontics وتشمل
الجسور الثابتة Fixed bridges والزرعات Implants
الطقوم الكاملة المتحركة removable complete denture
الطقوم الجزئية المتحركة removable partial denture
معالجة و إصلاح الأسنان Operative Dentistry وتشمل:
تشخيص تسوس الأسنان caries diagnosis
الوقايه والحد من انتشار تسوس الاسنان management of dental caries
تبييض الأسنان Dentalbleaching
تجميل الأسنان cosmetic dentistry
حشوات الأسنان Dental Fillings
معالجة لب الأسنان Endodontics
معالجة الأسنان المجهرية microscopic endodontics
طب الأسنان الوقائي Preventive Dentistry
تقويم الأسنان Orthodontics
جراحة الفم والوجه والفكين Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
طب أسنان الأطفال Pedodontics
أمراض اللثة
أمراض الأنسجة المحيطة بالأسنان Periodontics
زراعة الأسنان Dental Implantology
أشعة الأسنان Dental Radiology
طب الأسنان الشرعي Forensic Dentistry
طب الفم Oral Medicine
أمراض الفم Oral Pathology
أنسجة الفم والأسنان Oral Histology
المادة السنية Dental material
تشريح الأسنانDental anatomy
مواضيع متعلقة بطب الأسنان
طب الأسنان للرضع
جراحة الأسنان
أسنان
طقم أسنان
طب الاسنان في الاردن
طب الأسنان في جميع أنحاء العالم

Stanley J. Nelson, DDS, MS
Professor
School of Dental Medicine
University of Nevada
Las Vegas, Nevada
Major M. Ash, Jr. , BS, DDS, MS, MD hc*
Marcus L. Ward Professor and Research Scientist, Emeritus
The University of Michigan
Ann Arbor, Michigan
*Deceased

Wheeler's Dental Anatomy, Physiology and Occlusion 

Stanley J. Nelson, DDS, MS
Professor
School of Dental Medicine
University of Nevada
Las Vegas, Nevada
Major M. Ash, Jr. , BS, DDS, MS, MD hc*
Marcus L. Ward Professor and Research Scientist, Emeritus
The University of Michigan
Ann Arbor, Michigan
*Deceased

Preface
The section on Forensic Odontology has been expanded
and updated to reflect growth and interest in this emerging
science. As in the previous edition, the summary charts
found in the appendix provide a useful tool for examination
preparation. This information has been expanded to include
NEW! flash cards, located at the back of the book, and is
intended to be used as a quick study guide when a precious
few moments become available in a student’s busy
schedule.
The ninth edition of Wheeler’s Dental Anatomy, Physiology,
and Occlusion celebrates the life and many accomplishments
of one of the finest dental educators that I have known,
Professor Doctor Major McKinley Ash. Although Dr. Ash
was not able to see this newest printing, his contributions
to this ninth edition as well as to editions six through eight
will continue to improve dental education and practice for
many years to come. I have been one of his many students
for the entirety of my career and I greatly miss his advice.
In his memory, I will attempt to pick up the baton and
continue the fine tradition of the Wheeler text.
The continuity of subject matter and the basic information
found in the previous editions have been retained to
reflect the many years that this book has served as a resource
in the field of dental anatomy; however, this ninth edition
contains some exciting new features. Of particular note is
the colorization of several black and white illustrations and
photos. Often, the original photograph remains for a sense
of history but is combined with a color-enhanced view of
the tooth being studied and a simplified line drawing of the
view to highlight the primary characteristics of tooth contour
and the primary anatomical features.

1 Introduction to Dental Anatomy, 1
Formation of the Dentitions (Overview), 1
Nomenclature, 2
Formulae for Mammalian Teeth, 2
Tooth Numbering Systems, 2
Division into Thirds, Line Angles, and Point Angles, 9
Tooth Drawing and Carving, 10
Measurement of Teeth, 11
Summary, 11
2 Development and Eruption of
the Teeth, 21
Clinical Considerations, 21
Variability, 22
Malformations, 22
Chronology of Primary Dentition, 23
Development and Eruption/Emergence of the Teeth, 23
The Dentitions, 26
Neuromuscular Development, 27
Transitional (Mixed) Dentition Period, 28
Loss of Primary Teeth, 29
Permanent Dentition, 30
Size of Teeth, 31
Dental Pulp, 31
Cementoenamel Junction, 32
Dental Age, 33
Tooth Formation Standards, 35
Chronologies of Human Dentition, 35
Types of Chronologies, 35
Stages of Tooth Formation, 35
Age of Attainment, 35
Age Prediction, 37
Maturity Assessment, 37
Duration of Root and Crown Formation, 40
Summary of Chronologies, 41
Sequence of Eruption, 41
Estimating Time of Enamel Hypoplasia, 41
3 The Primary (Deciduous) Teeth, 45
Life Cycle, 45
Importance of Primary Teeth, 45
Nomenclature, 45
Major Contrasts between Primary and Permanent
Teeth, 47
Pulp Chambers and Pulp Canals, 48
Detailed Description of Each Primary Tooth, 50
4 Forensics, Comparative Anatomy,
Geometries, and Form and Function, 67
Forensic Dentistry, 67
Comparative Dental Anatomy, 69
Facial and Lingual Aspects of All Teeth, 73
Summary of Schematic Outlines, 75
Form and Function of the Permanent Dentition, 75
Alignment, Contacts, and Occlusion, 76
5 Orofacial Complex: Form and
Function, 81
Form and Function, 81
Form Follows Function, 81
Articulation of Teeth, 81
Physiological Form of the Teeth and Periodontium, 82
Fundamental Curvatures, 82
Proximal Contact Areas, 82
Interproximal Spaces (Formed by Proximal Surfaces in
Contact), 84
Embrasures (Spillways), 86
Contact Areas and Incisal and Occlusal Embrasures from
the Labial and Buccal Aspect, 88
Contact Areas and Labial, Buccal, and Lingual Embrasures
from the Incisal and Occlusal Aspects, 89
Facial and Lingual Contours at the Cervical Thirds
(Cervical Ridges) and Lingual Contours at the Middle
Thirds of Crowns, 91
The Height of Epithelial Attachment: Curvatures of
the Cervical Lines (Cementoenamel Junction [CEJ])
Mesially and Distally, 94
Contents


Now in full color, this essential text features a visually oriented presentation of dental anatomy, physiology, and occlusion ― the foundation for all of the dental sciences. Coverage includes discussions of clinical considerations, dentitions, pulp formation, and the sequence of eruptions. In addition to detailed content on dental macromorphology and evidence-based chronologies of the human dentitions, this edition also includes flash cards, an updated Companion CD-ROM, and Evolve resources that make this text a comprehensive resource for dental anatomy.
Understand the standards of tooth formation and apply them to clinical presentations with the Development and Eruption of the Teeth chapter.
Focus on the functions and esthetics of disorders you’ll encounter in daily practice with content on TMJ and muscle disorders.
Get a concise review of dentition development from in-utero to adolescence to adulthood with the appendix of tooth morphology.
All line drawings and essential photos have been replaced with full-color pieces.
Sharpen your knowledge with interactive learning tools and expanded content on the Companion CD-ROM including study questions, 360-degree rotational tooth viewing, and animations.
Test your knowledge on labeling, tooth numbering, and tooth type traits and prepare for Board exams with flash cards.
Find even more study opportunities on the Evolve website with a PowerPoint presentation, flash cards, a test bank, and labeling exercises.

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